D2.1 Inventory of regulations
This report provides an overview of regulatory framework for operations at sea and specific requirements for health, safety and environmental issues on multi-use platforms. For this purpose, an inventory table of rules and regulations was compiled, which reflects the rules and regulations on HSE issues relevant to floating modules at sea as those being developed within the Space@Sea project. The offshore industry is known for its thorough health and safety regulations. The harsh maritime environment enforces a top priority for health and safety. In order to insure health and safety on multi-use marine platforms it is important to understand their behaviour in certain environmental conditions. The assessment of Health Safety and Environmental issues will set standard preconditions for the floating island constructions. Particularly, the potential food and feed safety hazards as well as the associated environmental risks that may result from the multi-use platform environment needs to be investigated.
Health and safety hazards and environmental risks including food safety will be assessed for all steps of the multi-use platform life cycle with a special focus on construction, installation, operation, maintenance and decommissioning. Following from previous analysis of technology options a full HAZID study will be developed reviewing potential hazards for the proposed floating modules being developed in WP 6 (Energy Hub), 7 (Living), 8 (Farming) and 9 (Transport & Logistics). Risk assessments are documented in risk matrixes for WP6 and will be further elaborated for other applications of floating modules. The results of these risk assessment studies will be presented in a HAZID Report, not being part of this Deliverable. d2.1
D2.2 HSE Guidelines
This deliverable of the Space@Sea project provides guidance on Health, Safety and Environmental (HSE) aspects relevant to the design and application of floating modular islands. HSE requirements are very relevant aspects for the further development and future implementation of floating island constructions. The assessment of HSE issues is required to set standard preconditions for the floating island constructions. Particularly, the potential food and feed safety hazards as well as the associated environmental risks that may result from the multi-use platform environment is investigated. The concise guidance presented here is based on different types of information: 1) a hazard inventory (HAZID) elaborated in a risk register, and an evaluation of risks. This work is based on expert meetings and input from the four “application work packages” of the Space@Sea project, i.e. ‘EnergyHub’, ‘Living’, ‘Farming’ and ‘Ports & Logistics’; 2) an inventory of food safety issues in relation to multi-use of islands including aquaculture, based on literature study and 3) an inventory of possible ecosystem-module interactions, i.e. the impact of the floating modules on the ecosystem, and the impact of the ecosystem on food production and the (integrity of) floating structures.
The issues considered and their interactions are elaborated in the report in chapters on hazards and risk management, food safety, and ecosystem interactions. d2.2
D7.1 report: A list of functional requirements for the design
The purpose of this report is to summarize and document the results of Task 7.2. In order to be able to make a suitable design for Living@Sea, the experiences, needs and wishes of current and future inhabitants are collected. A two-phased procedure was used. The first step was a survey of the WPs with the purpose to learn about their information needs. The second step was a qualitative questioning of experts (people with at least several months experience of living and working in artificial and isolated habitats). The interview guideline was based on the results of the survey of WPs. The outcome of the investigation is a list of functional requirements for the design from the users’ perspective in terms of comfort, availability, working conditions, design of the living area and the outdoor area, communication, social life, leisure, safety, shopping, and ecology.
An environment under which the participants could imagine themselves living permanently offshore needs to fulfil several aspects: Regarding comfort the increase of the platform’s stability, the provision of soundproof rest areas as well as odour-free living spaces was stated. The living area should be appealing and creative as well as provide increased space availability and intimate private retrieval zones. Outside spaces should be foreseen including green spaces and communal areas. If working offshore permanently shall become an attractive concept also changes from a regulatory point of view would need to happen. The participants would like to have regular working hours as on the mainland. Furthermore, the community size should be adjusted so that finding friends but also avoiding each other is possible. Lastly, the participants would like to have the possibility of taking and integrating or at least being able to receive visits and/or visit their family regularly. d7.1
D7.2 report: A catalogue of technical requirements and best practices for the design
Living@Sea addresses the conceptualisation of marine floating islands that are intended for human habitation (i.e., living, working, recreation). These floating islands could be located on the high seas, near economic marine activity, or closer to shore, as an extension of existing cities or port areas. Safety and comfort of such floating islands are of paramount importance and have been the focus of Task 7.3. Available knowledge includes floating offshore accommodation in the offshore and shipping industry, and floating urbanisation on the calm inland and coastal areas; however, offshore and urban environment are completely different worlds and speak different languages. After literature review and interviews, it has been concluded that currently there is no example of large-scale floating development with the purpose of living. Therefore, it was not possible to gather information on the best practices for the design of living at sea. The ones coming closest are from the offshore and shipping industry such as flotels or accommodation units for on offshore platforms; however, rules and regulations with which these structures comply are confined to oil, gas and shipping industries, which are stricter than ones complied in the urban environment. This led to a totally different approach for this task than expected upfront. To find the most optimal solutions, standards from land-based urban planning will have to be integrated with living and building standards from the offshore industry. Preferably this combination should form the basis for new legislation made specifically for floating islands in general and living on these islands. d7.2
D8.1 report: Outline of concepts for aquaculture on floating modular islands
This report describes concepts for aquaculture that can be considered for application at floating modules as being developed in the Space@Sea project. It provides an inventory of the culturing options of a range of organisms; i.e. fish, shellfish (mussels), seaweeds and microalgae. A general description is provided for state-of-the-art systems for culturing these organisms. In relation to the use of floating modules, several options are available for the positioning of culturing systems. They can be positioned on deck of the modules, placed under the models or in between them. Also “open” modules specifically designed for aquaculture could be considered. In addition, the modules could serve as an anchoring point for culture systems placed on the outside of modules. Finally, culture systems may be anchored independent, where modules are only used to deliver services, including work space. For each relevant combination of organism-culture system-position a factsheet is provided giving a short description, the main characteristics and requirements and a Strengths-Weaknesses-Opportunities-Threats (SWOT) analysis. Possible combinations are discussed and it is proposed to perform a multi-criteria analysis to select the most promising options for further elaboration with respect to the application at/with floating modules and in combination with other functions of floating islands, and combinations. d8.1
D9.1 report: Cargo and cargo streams
The purpose of this document is to identify and select potential locations for the Transport&Logistics@Sea hub and to describe location specific cargo and cargo streams. For regular port services six potential locations have been defined, see Ch.0 for details. They have been ranked from a Transport&Logistics hub perspective using a Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA). The top three ranked locations are:
Thessaloniki: best overall ; Constantza: best regarding the added value of a platform that shall take over future planned developments and Hamburg, Amsterdam and Antwerp: best from a logistical hotspot point of view.
Expected cargo flows at these locations are (see Ch.0 for details): Thessaloniki (Dry Bulk and/or Unitized); Constantza (Dry Bulk) and Antwerp (Dry Bulk and/or Unitized)
Other functions, in addition to the Transport&Logistics, that can be expected at each of the locations are very dependent on the overall design and basic engineering but regardless of the selected location the following are expected: Living aspects, either temporary or permanent are expected to be present; at the very least, energy generation and storage for the required day-to-day operations shall be provided. Locations with offshore wind farms nearby are preferred so Constantza, with its development plan and locations with access to the North Sea (i.e. Hamburg, Amsterdam and Antwerp) wind farms would be ideal. Proximity to an offshore wind farm would make the Transport&Logistics hub also suitable for a windmill O&M platform; food production and storage would be ideal, but the other aspect take precedence on the Transport&Logistics hub. d9.1
D10.1 report: Formulation of requirements
The purpose of this document is to summarize and document the results of Task 10.2, which has the objective to formulate the requirements for the design of a modular floating island. The requirements are defined by the four applications Energyhub@Sea (WP6), Living@Sea (WP7), Farming@Sea (WP8) and Transport&Logistics@Sea (WP9). This document contains all necessary requirements of the applications, which will be forwarded to the generic work packages (WP1-5) as boundary conditions for their developments. d10.1
D12.5 report: Dissemination and communication strategy
This deliverable report provides the Dissemination and communication strategy, of the H2020 project Space@Sea (GA774253). This work is carried out as part of WP12 Dissemination, Communication and Exploitation – in particular related to Task 12.3 ‘Dissemination and Communication strategy’ and Task 12.4 ‘Dissemination and Communication activities’. The report is the plan for dissemination and communication of the Space@Sea project and its results, which will be updated if relevant during the project. It presents the objectives of the project in the context of dissemination and communication of the project results and refers to the different types of dissemination and communication opportunities. The project partners’ commitment to and responsibilities for the dissemination activities to be carried out are provided. In summary at this time while the project has been running for almost one year, good progress has been made already. There is a high degree of confidence that the aim of WP12 will be achieved. But of course challenges remain. d12.5
D12.7 report: Data management plan
This deliverable provides the Data Management Plan, which details how data will be stored, tagged and archived throughout and after the project. The DMP deals with how data will be stored in a secure and privacy-safeguarding way, and how reuse and sharing after the project will be ensured. The deliverable also provides governance arrangements on how to carry out the DMP in practice. The deliverable is considered a living document that will be updated over the course of the project, when necessary from law or changes in policies by the EU Commission or one of the partners. d12.7